Tag: budget news


Union Budget 2018-19 : Will the government revise tax slabs ?

Union budget 2018-19 is set to be presented on 1st February’18 and this is surely going to be a challenging one for the government. As we know government took various bold steps like demonetization, goods and service tax now it is time again for them to prove their potential in this final budget before the general polls to be held in 2019.

Once the budget is delivered the most significant change everyone look for is the revision made in tax slabs. In the upcoming budget, citizens are expecting an increase in the limit of tax exemption. Recently a proposal was made to the finance minister for revising tax slab and increase the present limit of annual income of Rs 2.5 lakh to Rs 3 lakh.

Corporate bodies have started putting their expectations. A domestic company which distributes dividend has to pay Dividend Distribution Tax(DDT) on profit which is already been taxed at a high rate of 20.36% and investors are required to pay 10% income tax who receives dividend above Rs 10 lakh. From budget 2018 it is expected that government will withdraw this dividend distribution tax and tax on dividend income.

With governments vision to take India higher in the ranking of “Ease of doing business” it has been proposed that Income Computation and Declaration Standards (ICDS) should be removed. As an introduction to ICDS has increased compliance burden and it is required to maintain a parallel set of books of account compulsorily.

For the benefit of tax-payer government may introduce some changes in tax slabs. It is expected that limit of deduction on taxable income may get increased from its present level of Rs 1.5 lakh or limit of deduction available on interest component of housing loan may increase from its present level of Rs 2 lakh.

After implementing biggest indirect taxation in the country in the form of GST the government is expected to now move on direct tax as in last November center asked to reform the Direct Tax Laws. For this center has appointed a task force of seven members which will deliver with the direct tax laws in line with tax laws prevalent in other countries. These changes in direct tax laws are expected to bring much wanted relief to individual taxpayers.

Considering the difficulties which real estate developers are facing, with this budget government can either consider withdrawing the amendments made or increase the exempt period of one year.

Improving tax collection, reducing tax burden and removal of difficult processes should be the aim of government this year. Post demonetization and GST now it is awaited how the government will recover variations caused by it on present economic conditions of a country.


Budget-2014-15 Glossary


These are the duties determined as a certain percentage of price of the product.


It is a statement of receipts and expenditure of states for the financial year, presented to Parliament by the government. It is divided into three parts: Consolidated Fund, Contingency Fund and Public Account.


This Bill is like a green signal enabling the withdrawal of money from the Consolidated Fund to pay off expenses. These are instruments that Parliament clears after the demand for grants has been voted by the Lok Sabha.


The difference between demand and supply of a country’s currency in the foreign exchange market.


The difference between monetary value of exports and imports of output in an economy over a certain period of time. It is the relationship between a nation’s imports and exports.

Banking cash transaction tax (BCTT)

BCTT is a small tax on cash withdrawal from bank exceeding a particular amount in a single day. The basic idea is to curb the black economy and generate a record of big cash transactions. This tax was introduced in 2005-06 budget.


Such a situation arises when expenses exceed revenues. Here the entire budgetary exercise falls short of allocating enough funds to a certain area.


It is an estimate of Fiscal Deficit and Revenue Deficit for the year. The term is associated with estimates of the Center’s spending during the financial year and income received as proceeds of tax revenues.


Goods used in the manufacturing of finished products.


Capital Budget keeps track of the government’s capital receipts and payments. This accounts for market loans, borrowings from the Reserve Bank and other institutions through sale of Treasury Bills, loans acquired from foreign governments and recoveries of loans granted by the Central government to State governments and Union Territories.


Expenses incurred on acquisition of capital assets.


This is a replacement for the earlier MODVAT scheme and is meant for reducing the cascade effect of indirect taxes on finished products. This is more extensive scheme with most goods brought under its preview.


his is an additional levy on the basic tax liability. Governments resort to cess for meeting specific expenditure. For instance, both corporate and individual income is at present subject to an education cess of 2%. In the last Budget, the government had imposed another 1% cess as secondary and higher education cess on income tax to finance secondary and higher education.


This deficit shows the difference between the nation’s exports and imports.


Excess of receipts over expenditure on current account in a country’s balance of payments.


These duties are levied on goods whenever they are either brought into the country or exported from the country. The importer or the exporter pays custom duties.


This is levied on imports that may lead to price rise in the domestic market. It is imposed with the intention of discouraging unfair trading practices by other countries


This is one big reservoir where the government pools all its funds together. The fund includes all government revenues, loans raised and recoveries of loans granted.


It is a price index covering the prices of consumer goods.


It is more or less similar to that extra little bit of savings that all mothers set aside in case of an emergency. Likewise, the government has created this fund to help it tide over difficult situations. The fund is at the disposal of the President to meet unforeseen and urgent expenditure, pending approval from Parliament. The amount that is withdrawn from the fund is recouped.


Long-term in nature they are used for acquiring fixed assets such as land, building, machinery and equipment. Other items that also fall under this category include, loans and advances sanctioned by the Center to the State governments, union territories and public sector undertakings.


Capital Receipts consist of loans raised by the Center from the market, government borrowings from the RBI & other parties, sale of Treasury Bills and loans received from foreign governments. Other items that also fall under this category include recovery of loans granted by the Center to State governments & Union Territories and proceeds from the dilution of the government’s stake in Public Sector Undertakings.


It refers to the government’s budgetary support to the Plan. It is the division of monetary resources among different sectors in the economy and ministries of the government.


Taxes paid directly by the person or organization on whom they are lived. Income Tax and Corporate Tax fall under this tax category.


t is the dilution of government’s stake in Public Sector Undertakings.


It is a statement of estimate of expenditure from the Consolidated Fund. This requires approval of the Lok Sabha.


These duties refer to duties imposed on goods manufactured within the country.


It is the government’s proposals for imposition of new taxes, modification of the existing tax structure or continuance of the existing tax structure beyond the period approved by Parliament.


It is the difference between the Revenue Receipts and Total Expenditure.


Fiscal policy is a change in government expenditure and/or taxation designed to influence economic activity. These changes are designed to control the level of aggregate demand in the economy. Governments usually bring about changes in taxation, volume of spending, and size of the budget deficit or surplus to affect public expenditure.


It is the tax lievied on the ‘fringe benefit’ / perks given by a company to its employees. Companies could no longer get away with marking such expenses as ‘ordinary business expenses’ and escape tax when they actually gave out club memberships to their employees. Employers had to now pay a tax (FBT) on a percentage of the expense incurred on such perquisites. This tax was introduced in the 2005-06 budget.


Enacted in 2003, the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act required the elimination of revenue deficit by 2008-09 . This means that from 2008-09 , the government was to meet all its revenue expenditure from its revenue receipts. Any borrowing was to be done to meet capital expenditure i.e. repayment of loans, lending and fresh investment. The Act also mandates a 3% limit on the fiscal deficit after 2008-09; one that allows the government to build capacities in the economy without compromising on fiscal stability.


Total market value of the goods and services manufactured within the country in a financial year.


Total market value of the finished goods and services manufactured within the country in a given financial year, plus income earned by the local residents from investments made abroad, minus the income earned by foreigners in the domestic market.


A GST (Goods and Services Tax) contains the entire element of tax borne by a good / service including a Central and a state-level tax.


This is the tax levied on individual income from various sources like salaries, investments, interest, etc.


Taxes imposed on goods manufactured, imported or exported such as Excise Duties and Custom Duties.


A progressive increase in prices of goods and services. It is the percentage rate of change in the price level. In inflation, everything tends to appear more valuable except money.


It’s known that a company pays tax on profits as per the Income-Tax Act. If a company’s tax liability is less than 10% of its profits, it has to pay a minimum alternate tax of 10% of the book profits.


It stands for Modified Value Added Tax and is a way of giving some relief to the final manufacturers of goods on Excise Duties borne by their suppliers.


Measures the level of support the RBI provides to the Centre’s borrowing program.


Total outstanding borrowings of the central government exchequer.


Expenses that don’t form a part of the government’s five year plan. These expenses consist of Revenue and Capital Expenditure on interest payments, Defense Expenditure, subsidies, postal deficit, police, pensions, economic services, loans to public sector enterprises and loans as well as grants to State governments, Union territories and foreign governments.


Any loan given to state governments, public institutions, PSUs come with a price (interests) and forms the most important receipts under this head apart from dividends and profits received from PSUs.The government also earns from the various services including public services it provides.


It is the highest rate of Custom Duty applicable on an item.


It is a compilation of programs and activities of different ministries and departments.


The national income of a country, or region, divided by its population.


A tax structure in which the marginal tax rate increases as the level of income increases.


It is an account where money received through transactions not relating to consolidated fund is kept.


The difference between borrowings and repayments during the year is the net accretion to the public debt. Public debt can be split into two heads, internal debt (money borrowed within the country) and external debt (funds borrowed from non-Indian sources).


Consists of both Revenue Expenditure and Capital Expenditure of the Center on the Central Plan, Central Assistance to States and Union Territories.


Plan Outlay is the amount for expenditure on projects, schemes and programmes announced in the Plan. The money for the Plan Outlay is raised through budgetary support and internal and extra-budgetary resources. The budgetary support is also shown as plan expenditure in government accounts.


Fiscal Deficit minus Interest payments.


A tax taking the same percentage of income regardless of the level of income.


A tax in which the poor pay a larger percentage of income than the rich. It is the opposite of Progressive Tax.


It is the difference between Revenue Expenditure and Revenue Receipts.


Opposite of Revenue Deficit, it is the excess of Revenue Receipts over Revenue Expenditure.


Usually given in the following budget, it is the difference between the Budget Estimates and the actual figures.


Consists of Revenue Receipts and Revenue Expenditure of the government.


Consists of duties imposed by the Centre, interest and dividend on investments made by the government.


Expenditure incurred for the normal functioning of the government departments and various other services such as interest charges on debt incurred by the government.


Financial aid provided by the Center to individuals or a group of individuals to be competitive. The grant of subsidies is also aimed at improving their skills of those who benefit from the subsidies.


This is how a government bears the loss that financial institutions incur when asked to give farmer loans below the market rates.

This is an extra bit of 10% on the tax liability that individuals pay for earning more than Rs 10 lakh. Companies with a revenue of up to Rs 1 crore are spared.


STT is a small tax you need to pay on the total amount you pay or receive in a share deal. In the 2004-05 Budget, the government did away with the tax on profits earned on the sale of shares held for over a year (known as long-term capital gains tax) and replaced it with STT.


These are bonds (debt securities) with maturity of less than a year. These are issued to meet short-term mismatches in receipts and expenditure.


This tax is based on the difference between the value of output and the value of inputs used to produce it. The aim here is to tax a firm only for the value it adds to the manufacturing inputs, and not the entire input cost. Thus, VAT helps avoid a cascading of taxes as a product passes through different stages of production/value addition.


It is a sort of interim budget where the government presents accounts required to keep the process on until the next government takes over.


RBI is the banker for both Central and State governments. Hence, it provides a breather to manage mismatches in their receipts and payments in the form of ways and means advances.


Prices of goods that are dealt with wholesale (mostly inputs to production, rather than finished commodities).


Budget 2014 : The Expectations Of The Indian Investors From The Budget Of BJP Government

We all knew that, the budget is going to be presented in the parliament by the Finance Minister Mr. Arun Jaitley of newly formed BJP government. It may be announced the introductory budget on the 10th of July 2014 in the Parliament so that it can be passed before implementation.

What is Budget?

In simple words, it is all about the management of income and expenditure in such a way, that it will strengthen the financial condition as well as uplift the standard of living. While talking about the perspective of Indian government, budget is also called as ‘Union Budget Of India’. It is the Annual Financial draft or document or statement presented under the Financial and Appropriation Bill of the constitution. It is announced by the Finance Minister of the currently running government every year on last working day of the month February so that it can be executed on the first day of the financial year that is, 1st of April of the same year.

Interim Budget

This is the draft or statement about all the accounts which includes both income or earnings and the expenses deals by the government in the current financial year (starts at 1st April and ends on 31st May). This is somehow like the complete budget but mainly covers the new laws or bills introduced by the government including changes in the taxes and policies to tackle the economic growth of the country.

What Investors Are Hoping From The Budget Presented By Mr. Arun Jaitley?

Mr. Shashank Khade, one of the famous investment advisors said that, “Indian investors at large are leanly invested in Indian equities and high net-worth individuals also have been focused on capital conservation and asset classes with certainty of returns have been favored over equities.”

In another statement, he added, “Equity as an asset class needs to be made more attractive to the common Indian investor who has forgotten this asset class as a means to build wealth. The disposable incomes of the middle class working population need a boost to combat inflation and to create savings. A pre-requisite for building Indian investor confidence is revival of India’s economic conditions.”

There is no doubt that, the budget expected by newly formed government must support the economic growth, anti-inflationary, and very well committed to fiscal consolidation. The population who elected the government and the media which alarms the PM and ministry about the sentiments of citizens on every decision are looking hopefully towards the budget and the policies reveled by the finance ministry on the decision day.

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